Functional fitness is the capacity to move large loads over long distances through multi-joint movements. It is a broad approach to fitness that encompasses several different domains of fitness rather than focusing on one specific area, such as cardiovascular fitness.
What is meant by a domain of fitness?
There are many different domains of fitness, including strength, agility, cardiovascular, flexibility, coordination, and more. Each domain of fitness can be targeted with specific movements: agility – how high you can jump, strength – deadlifts, cardiovascular – how long you can keep your heart rate up, etc.
Rather than just burning calories for the sake of it or focusing on bodybuilding to become more muscular, functional fitness is designed to build strength, agility, flexibility, and coordination to facilitate improvement across a wide range of domains, increasing your overall fitness.